Canon considers, and works to reduce, environmental impacts at each stage of the product lifecycle. This applies not just to our own development, production and marketing activities but also includes the production of raw materials and components by suppliers, the transport of products to retail outlets, and even customer use, disposal and recycling.
To gauge our progress in reducing these impacts over the entire lifecycle, we convert each type of environmental impact to CO2 equivalents, and, using these as benchmarks, we set an overall goal for our Medium-Term Environmental Goals to achieve a 3%-per-year improvement in the lifecycle CO2 emissions improvement index per product.
We have broken down lifecycle CO2 emissions per product into product goals and operational site goals. We have established a goal for products of 3% improvement per year in the raw materials & usage CO2 emissions improvement index per product, and a goal for operational sites of 1.2% improvement per year in energy consumption rate per basic unit.
Further, in consideration of the environmental impacts of Canon’s business activities, manufacturing sites have unit improvement targets covering total waste generation, water usage, and emission of controlled chemical substances, and are working to improve these metrics.
In 2016, we achieved the goal of a 3%-per-year improvement in the lifecycle CO2 emissions improvement index per product, recording a 3.0% improvement over the previous year. This was the result of making products more compact, lightweight, and energy efficient, as well as activities to reduce energy consumption at operational sites.
Canon has had a long-standing goal of improving lifecycle CO2 emissions per product. In 2016, this figure was around 34% below 2008 levels (average reduction of around 5% per year).
In 2016, we achieved a 2.8% improvement in the raw materials & usage CO2 emissions improvement index per product.
While this fell short of the 3.0% year-on-year improvement target, we made progress thanks to improvements in making products more compact, lightweight, and energy efficient.
An overview of the achievement of operational site goals is as follows.
The Facilities Management Division is the primary driver of energy-reduction activities. In 2016, energy consumption per basic unit improved by 2.1% over the previous year, reaching the 1.2% improvement target.
As a result of initiatives such as eliminating waste at manufacturing sites and recycling waste generated internally at manufacturing sites, we met our target of a 1.0% improvement with a 1.1% reduction in total waste generation over 2015.
Water usage per basic unit in production declined by 2.4% compared to 2015 thanks to efforts to improve water use efficiency and reuse wastewater, and thus achieved the goal of a 1.0% improvement.
We achieved an improvement of 5.7% over 2015 in emissions of controlled chemical substances per basic unit, attaining our goal of a 1.0% improvement, thanks to optimizing chemical substance used in manufacturing processes and reuse of materials.
|2016–2018 Mid-Term Environmental Goals||2016 Achievements||2017–2019 Medium-Term Environmental Goals|
|Lifecycle||3%-per-year improvement of lifecycle CO2 emissions improvement index per product||Per-year improvement of 3.0% over 2015||3%-per-year improvement of lifecycle CO2 emissions improvement index per product|
|Products||3%-per-year improvement of raw materials & use CO2 emissions improvement index per product||Per-year improvement of 2.8% over 2015||3%-per-year improvement of raw materials & use CO2 emissions improvement index per product|
|Operational Sites||1.2%-per-year improvement of energy consumption basic unit at operational sites||Per-year improvement of 2.1% over 2015||1.2%-per-year improvement of energy consumption basic unit at operational sites|
|2016 Environmental Goals||2016 Achievements||2017 Environmental Goals|
|Improve total waste generation per basic unit at operational sites by 1% (compared to 2015)||1.1% improvement over 2015||Improve total waste generation per basic unit at operational sites by 1% (compared to 2016)|
|Improve water usage per basic unit for production by 1% (compared to 2015)||2.4% improvement over 2015||Improve water usage per basic unit for production by 1% (compared to 2016)|
|Improve emission of controlled chemical substances per basic unit by 1% (compared to 2015)||5.7% improvement over 2015||Improve emission of controlled chemical substances per basic unit by 1% (compared to 2016)|
As a result of initiatives to meet these targets, the resources (input) that Canon used in its business activities over the entire product lifecycle and emissions into the global environment (output) are as shown in the following figures.
Total lifecycle CO2 emissions in 2016 were approximately 6.21 million tons, an increase of around 48,000 tons (0.8%) compared to 2015.
Canon compiles data for GHG designated under the Kyoto Protocol (revised version). Past data may be revised due to improvements in the precision of data collection.
We use CO2 emission factors for electricity for each region and year.
Until 2014, figures used in Japan were published by Japan’s Ministry of the Environment and the Federation of Electric Power Companies of Japan. Outside Japan, they were published by the International Energy Agency. From 2015, calculations use CO2 emission factors provided by individual electricity suppliers; publicly disclosed region-specific figures are used where factors are not provided by electricity suppliers. (Please refer to Operational Sites covered in the Environmental Section (page 74).)
For figures on customer use, electricity consumption of products shipped in a given year is calculated based on the average lifespan and output capacity, and converted to the CO2 equivalent using the same factors stipulated above. Other CO2 emission factors use coefficients from the Carbon Footprint Communication Program of the Japan Environmental Management Association for Industry (JEMAI).
Third-party verification has only been obtained for CO2 emissions occurring in 2016 from quantitative data appearing in the above graphs “Lifecycle GHG Emissions (CO2 Equivalent)” and “2016 Material Balance.”
|1||Purchased goods and services||2,574*||Calculated by multiplying the volume of each material input by the emission factor for each material/process.|
|2||Capital goods||657||Calculated by multiplying the total amount of each category of purchased capital goods by the emission factor for each category.|
|3||Fuel- and energy-related activities not included in Scope 1 or Scope 2||95||Calculated by finding the total for fuel and electricity usage at each operational site and then multiplying it by the emission factor from fuel extraction to burning and power generation.|
|4||Upstream transportation and distribution||322*||Logistics from the supplier to Canon manufacturing sites is calculated by finding the average transport distance and transport volume and then multiplying this by the emission factor for transportation.|
|Logistics from manufacturing site to customer is calculated by multiplying the emission factor of transportation by logistics performance data.|
|5||Waste generated in operations||1||Total of waste generated for each material at each operational site is calculated and multiplied by the emission factor of end-of-life treatment by material.|
|6||Business travel||65||The emission factor for each transportation method is multiplied by the total payment amount for each transportation method.|
|For business travel using a personal vehicle, the total payment amount is converted to fuel usage and then multiplied by the emission factor of fuel consumption.|
|For accommodations, the total payment amount is converted to the average number of accommodation nights and added after multiplying by the emission factor of accommodations.|
|7||Employee commuting||151||The emission factor for each transportation method is multiplied by the total payment amount for each transportation method.|
|For commute by personal vehicle, the total payment amount is converted to fuel usage and then added after multiplying by the emission factor of fuel consumption.|
|8||Upstream leased assets||̶||CO2 emissions from leased buildings and vehicles are applicable, but both are included in Scope 1 and Scope 2.|
|9||Downstream transport and distribution||50||Average transport distance and weight of distributed products is calculated for each region and multiplied by the emission factor of transportation.|
|10||Processing of sold products||0||Weight of parts at distributor is multiplied by the emission factor of product assembly to calculate the impact of product assembly.|
|11||Use of sold products||2,198*||Lifetime energy usage is calculated for each product and then multiplied by the average electricity emission factor.|
|12||End-of-life treatment of sold products||213||Sold products are categorized by material and then emission factor of end-of-life treatment is multiplied by each based on the volume of materials used.|
|13||Downstream leased assets||̶||Leased assets such as multifunction devices are included in Category 11 above together with sold products.|