Interchangeable Lens Digital Cameras

Digital SLR Camera




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  • Outline
  • Specifications
Marketed October 2009
Original Price Open price

The Canon EOS 7D is a cutting-edge digital SLR camera based on the concepts of “uncompromising technical specifications” and “genuine essence appealing to users' senses of sight, sound, and touch.”

Through the incorporation of a newly developed approximately 18.0-megapixel CMOS sensor (APS-C size) and the inclusion of two high-performance DIGIC 4 image processors in the Dual DIGIC 4 system, the EOS 7D is capable of capturing images with a high degree of resolution and rich gradation expression while also realizing a maximum shooting speed of approximately 8.0*1 frames per second and bursts of up to 94*2 shots. Users can capture beautiful images with minimal noise through an adjustable ISO sensitivity*3 range of ISO 100–6400, which, in extended mode, can be expanded to ISO 12800 for exemplary performance in dark environments.

Canon's EOS 7D boasts several sophisticated basic features, including a high-performance optical viewfinder with approximate 100% field coverage, 29.4-degree field of view, and 1.0x magnification for precise image composition and focus; 19-point cross-type AutoFocus sensors with a high-precision, centrally positioned Dual Cross sensor; and the iFCL (intelligent Focus Color Luminas), which utilizes AutoFocus and color information for stable image exposure.

The EOS 7D also features an “EOS Movie” function that supports video recording in a wide range of formats, including full HD (1,920 x 1,080 pixels at speeds of 30/25/24 frames per second). EOS Movie also enables users to record video using manual exposure, which facilities the setting of aperture, shutter speed, and ISO speed. Other cutting-edge technologies incorporated in the EOS 7D include a newly developed shutter that boasts an approximate 150,000-cycle durability, a Dual Axis Electronic Level that detects both horizontal roll and vertical pitch, and a 3.0-inch Clear View LCD II monitor outfitted with reinforced glass. The model sports an ultra-fluid design with a continuously evolving surface curvature for a flowing texture that provides an air of sophistication befitting a cutting-edge digital SLR camera.

*1 Based on CIPA standards
*2 Based on Canon test standards using a memory card and shooting JPEG/Large/Fine images
*3 Recommended exposure index

Type Digital, single-lens reflex, AF/AE camera with built-in flash
Recording Media Type I or II CF card, UDMA-compatible
Image Sensor Size 22.3 mm x 14.9 mm
Compatible Lenses Canon EF lenses including EF-S lenses (35mm-equivalent focal length is approx. 1.6x the lens focal length)
Lens Mount Canon EF mount
Image Sensor
Type CMOS sensor
Effective pixels Approx. 18.0 megapixels
Aspect Ratio 3:2
Dust delete feature Auto, Manual, Dust Delete Data appending
Recording System
Recording Format Design rule for Camera File System 2.0
Image type JPEG, RAW (14-bit, Canon original),
RAW+JPEG simultaneous recording possible
Recorded pixels (1) Large: Approx. 17.90 Megapixels (5,184 x 3,456)
(2) Medium: Approx. 8.00 Megapixels (3,456 x 2,304)
(3) Small: Approx. 4.50 Megapixels (2,592 x 1,728)
(4) RAW: Approx. 17.90 Megapixels (5,184 x 3,456)
(5) M-RAW: Approx. 10.10 Megapixels (3,888 x 2,592)
(6) S-RAW: Approx. 4.50 Megapixels (2,592 x 1,728)
Create/select a folder Possible
Image Processing
Picture Style Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Def. 1 – 3
White Balance Auto, Preset (Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten light, White fluorescent light, Flash), Custom, Color temperature setting (2500-10000K), white balance correction, and white balance bracketing possible

* Color temperature information transmission enabled

Noise reduction Applicable to long exposures and high ISO speed shots
Automatic image
brightness correction
Auto Lighting Optimizer
Highlight tone priority Provided
Lens peripheral illumination correction Provided
Type Eye-level pentaprism
Coverage Vertical/Horizontal approx. 100%
Magnification Approx. 1.0x (-1m-1 with 50 mm lens at infinity)
Eyepoint Approx. 22 mm (From eyepiece lens center at -1m-1)
Built-in Dioptric Adjustment -3.0 to +1.0m-1 (diopter)
Focusing screen Fixed
Composition aids Grid and electronic level
Mirror Quick-return type
Depth-of-Field Preview Provided
Type TTL secondary image-registration, phase detection
AF Points 19 (All cross-type)
Metering Range EV -0.5 – 18 (at 23°C/73°F, ISO 100)
Focus Modes One-Shot AF, AI Servo AF, AI Focus AF, Manual focusing (MF)
AF area selection modes Single point AF, Spot AF, AF point expansion, Zone AF,
19-point AF auto selection
AF-assist beam Small series of flashes fired by built-in flash
AF fine adjustment Enabled with AF Microadjustment
Exposure Control
Metering Modes 63-zone TTL full-aperture metering
• Evaluative metering (linkable to any AF point)
• Partial metering (approx. 9.4% of viewfinder at center)
• Spot metering (approx. 2.3% of viewfinder at center)
• Center-weighted average metering
Metering Range EV 1 – 20 (at 23°C/73°F with EF50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)
Exposure Control Program AE (Full Auto, Creative Auto, Program), shutter-priority AE, aperture-priority AE, manual exposure, bulb exposure
ISO Speed (Recommended Exposure Index) Auto, Creative Auto: Automatically set within ISO 100 – 3200
P, Tv, Av, M, B: ISO 100 – 6400 (in 1/3-stop increments),
Auto, or ISO expansion to ISO 12800
Exposure Compensation Manual and AEB (Settable in combination with manual exposure compensation)
Settable amount: ±5 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments (AEB ±3 stops)
AE Lock Auto: With One-Shot AF and evaluative metering, AE lock is applied when focus is achieved
Manual: By AE lock button
Type Electronically-controlled, focal-plane shutter
Shutter Speeds 1/8000 sec. to 1/60 sec. (Full Auto mode), X-sync at 1/250 sec.1/8000 sec. to 30 sec., bulb (Total shutter speed range.
Available range varies by shooting mode.)
Built-in flash Retractable, auto pop-up flash
Guide No.: 12/39 (ISO 100, in meters/feet)
Flash coverage: 15mm lens angle of view
Recycling time approx. 3 sec.
Wireless master unit function provided
External flash EX-series Speedlite (Functions settable with the camera)
Flash metering E-TTL II autoflash
Flash exposure compensation ±3 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments
FE lock Provided
PC terminal Provided
Drive System
Drive Modes Single, High-speed continuous, Low-speed continuous, 10-sec. self-timer/remote control, 2-sec. self-timer/remote control
Continuous Shooting Speed Max. 8 shots per sec.
Max. burst JPEG Large/Fine: Approx. 94 (126) shots
RAW: Approx. 15 (15) shots
RAW+JPEG Large/Fine: Approx. 6 (6) shots

* Figures are based on Canon’s testing standards (ISO 100 and Standard Picture Style) and a 4GB card.
* Figures in parentheses apply to an Ultra DMA (UDMA) 4GB card based on Canon’s testing standards.

Live View Shooting
Focusing Live mode, Face detection Live mode (Contrast detection)
Quick mode (Phase-difference detection),Manual focusing (5x/10x magnification possible)
Metering Modes Evaluative metering with the image sensor
Metering Range EV 1 – 20 (at 23°C/73°F with EF50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)
Silent shooting: Provided (Mode 1 and 2)
Grid Display Two types
Movie Shooting
Movie compression MPEG-4 AVC
Variable (average) bit rate
Audio recording format Linear PCM
File type MOV
Recording size
and frame rate
1920×1080 (Full HD): 30p/25p/24p
1280×720 (HD) : 60p/50p
640×480 (SD) : 60p/50p

* 30p: 29.97 fps, 25p: 25.0 fps, 24p: 23.976 fps, 60p: 59.94 fps, 50p: 50.0 fps

File size
1920×1080 (30p/25p/24p): Approx. 330 MB/min.
1280×720 (60p/50p) : Approx. 330 MB/min.
640×480 (60p/50p) : Approx. 165 MB/min.
Focusing Same as focusing with Live View shooting
Metering modes Evaluative and center-weighted average metering with the image sensor

* Automatically set by the AF mode

Metering range EV 0 – 20 (at 23°C/73°F with EF50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)
Exposure control Program AE (exposure compensation possible) for movies and manual exposure
ISO speed Automatically set within ISO 100 – 6400, expandable to 12800
With manual exposure, ISO 100 – 6400 set automatically/manually
Sound recording Built-in monaural microphone External stereo microphone terminal provided
Grid display Two types
LCD Monitor
Type TFT color, liquid-crystal monitor
Monitor size and dots
3-in. with approx. 920,000 dots (VGA)
Coverage Approx. 100%
Brightness adjustment Auto, Manual
Electronic level Provided
Image Playback
Image display formats Single, Single + Info (Image-recording quality, shooting information, histogram), 4-image index, 9-image index, image rotate possible
Zoom magnification Approx. 1.5x – 10x
Image browsing methods Single image, jump by 10 or 100 images, by shooting date, by folder, by movie, by stills
Highlight alert Overexposed highlights blink
Slide show All images, by folder, by date, movies, or stills
Movie playback Enabled (LCD monitor, video/audio OUT, HDMI OUT)
Built-in speaker
Direct Printing
Compatible Printers PictBridge-compatible printers
Printable Images JPEG and RAW images
Print ordering DPOF Version 1.1 compatible
Custom Functions
Custom Functions 27
Camera User Settings Register under Mode Dial’s C1, C2 and C3 positions
My Menu Registration Provided
Copyright information Entry and inclusion enabled
Audio/video OUT/
Digital terminal
Analog video (Compatible with NTSC/PAL)/stereo audio output
For personal computer communication and direct printing (Hi-Speed USB equivalent)
HDMI mini OUT terminal Type C (Auto switching of resolution)
External microphone
IN terminal
3.5mm dia. stereo mini-jack
Remote control terminal Compatible with N3-type remote control
Wireless remote control Compatible with Remote Controller RC-1/RC-5
Extension System Terminal For connection to Wireless File Transmitter WFT-E5A/B/C/D
Power Source
Battery Battery Pack LP-E6 (Quantity 1)

* AC power can be supplied via AC Adapter Kit ACK-E6
* With Battery Grip BG-E7 attached, size-AA/LR6 batteries can be used

Battery information Remaining capacity, Shutter count, and Recharge performance displayed
Battery life
(Based on CIPA
testing standards)
With viewfinder shooting:
Approx. 800 shots at 23°C/73°F, approx. 750 shots at 0°C/32°F
With Live View shooting:
Approx. 220 shots at 23°C/73°F, approx. 210 shots at 0°C/32°F
Maximum movie
shooting time
Approx. 1 hr. 20 min. at 23°C/73°F
Approx. 1 hr. 10 min. at 0°C/32°F
(With fully-charged Battery Pack LP-E6)
Dimensions and Weight
Dimensions (W x H x D) 148.2 x 110.7 x 73.5 mm / 5.8 x 4.4 x 2.9 in.
Weight Approx. 820 g / 28.9 oz. (body only)
Operating Environment
Working Temperature Range 0°C – 40°C / 32°F – 104°F
Working Humidity 85% or less