Digital Camcorders




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  • Outline
  • Specifications
Marketed February 1998
Original Price 588,000 yen

The XL1 features an exclusive XL lens-mount system which, when used with an optional EF mount adapter, allows the camcorder to utilize a range of Canon’s extensive lineup of EF lenses for EOS 35mm cameras. It also accommodates an optional 1.6x XL extender which increases lens magnification by 60%.

The camcorder is supplied with a 16x optical zoom XL5.5-88mm IS lens which delivers exceptionally clear, sharp images and resolves over 600 TV lines. The high-performance lens also supports Canon’s new SuperRange image stabilizer, which virtually eliminates the effects of low-frequency vibrations. The new system improves upon the conventional gyro-sensor method by also employing a motion vector to detect vibrations, offering even greater image-stabilizing performance.

The XL1 uses a 3-CCD system with separate 1/3″ CCD image sensors for processing each primary color: red, green and blue. Light that passes through the lens is separated by a prism into its primary components and is sent to its own CCD. The process achieves outstanding detail and faithful color reproduction.

The camcorder also employs advanced CCD technology called Pixel Shift, which realizes improved video signal, including a wider dynamic range, low color noise, excellent color reproduction, and high resolution. By horizontally shifting the green CCD by one-half pixel and then electronically shifting the green signal vertically by one pixel, Pixel Shift maximizes the system’s 270,000-pixel CCDs, achieving high resolution comparable to 410,000-pixel CCD systems. Canon has chosen to utilize larger-sized pixels in each CCD to deliver outstanding results when shooting in super low-light situations.

Power Supply
7.2 V DC
(while recording,
9.5 W (Approx., recording with the AF turned on)
Television system EIS standard (525 lines, 60 fields) NTSC color signal
recording system
2 rotary heads, helical scanning system
DV system (Consumer digital VCR SD system)
Digital component recording
recording system
PCM digital sound :
16 bit (48kHz/2ch), 12 bit (32kHz/2 from 4ch),
12 bit (32kHz/4ch simultaneous)
Image sensor 3CCD 1 /3″ Pixel Shift (charge coupled device) 270,000 pixels
(250,000 effective pixels)
Tape format Videocassettes bearing the Mini DV mark.
Tape speed SP : 3/4 ips (18.81 mm/s);
LP : 1/2 ips(12.56 mm/s)
recording time
SP : 60 minutes (with a 60 min. cassette);
LP : 90 minutes (with a 60 min. cassette)
Fast forward /
rewind time
2 mins 50 sec. (with a 60 min. cassette)
Lens mount XL Interchangeable lens system
(16x zoom [supplied] : f/1.6-2.6, 5.5-88mm)
Focusing system TTL autofocus, manual focusing possible
focusing distance
2 cm (13/16 inch) on maximum wide angle; telephoto end : 1m (3ft 4in)
shutter speed
1/15,000 sec
2 lx (using XL 5.5-88mm lens, and slow shutter at 1 /8 of a second)
More than 100 lx
Filter diameter 72 mm (XL lens)
Viewfinder 0.7″, color LCD (approx. 180,000 pixels)
Microphone Stereo electret condenser microphone
DV Terminal Special 4 pin connector (based on IEEE1394)
Output level

Video terminal :
RCA jack,
1 Vp-p/75 ohms unbalanced,
synchronized load

S-video terminal :
4 pin mini DIN,
1 Vp-p(Y signal),
0.286 Vp-p (C signal)

Audio terminal :
RCA jack (L, R),
2 sets 4dBm (47k ohms load) / 3k ohms or less, unbalanced

Input level

Audio terminal :
RCA jack (L, R), 2 sets
-11dBV/47k ohms (LINE), unbalanced
-35dBV/600 ohms (MIC ATT), unbalanced
-55dBV/600 ohms (MIC), unbalanced

Microphone terminal :
3.5mm stereo mini-jack,
-59dBV (with 600 ohms mic) / 600 ohms

temperature range
32°-104°F (0°-40°C)
Dimensions 223 x 214 x 415 mm
(8 3/4 x 8 7/16 x 16 5 /16 in)

(not including lens and battery pack) :
1.7 kg (3 lbs 12 oz approx.)

(fully loaded) : 2.86 kg (6 lbs 3 oz approx.)