* Net sales and employee numbers are based on consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.
* dollar amounts are translated from yen at the rate of JPY 111 = U.S.$1, the approximate exchange rate on the Tokyo Foreign Exchange Market as of December 28, 2018, solely for the convenience of the reader.
Top ten U.S. Patent Holders by Company (2018)
Number of patents
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited
Microsoft Technology Licensing Llc
Ford Global Technologies
* Canon has been ranked No. 1 in Japan for 14 years running.
* Figures were based on preliminary data released by IFI CLAIMS Patent Services, a U.S. research company specialized in patent information.
* IBM is an abbreviation for International Business Machines Corporation.